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MEDICAL ONCOLOGY

It is a specialty area that uses all modern technology opportunities not only in the treatment of cancer patients, but also in cancer prevention, cancer screening and early diagnosis applications, and also prioritizes patient psychology.
Cancer treatment is a disease that requires more than one department to work together in the diagnosis and treatment process, that is, teamwork. This team collaborates with surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, radiologists and other relevant departments, and the approach to the patient is planned multidisciplinary in line with scientific data.
Oncology is an ancient Greek word formed by the combination of the words oncos ( = swelling, tumor) and logos ( = science) and can be explained as the science of tumors.

Tumor Council

 A multidisciplinary treatment approach in the field of oncology is carried out with a tumor council.

Tumor Council; radiologists, nuclear medicine specialists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, surgical units, internal units gather with the participation of physicians.

The treatment process of the harvest is started when the patient’s treatment plan and processes are established by the tumor council and accepted by the patient.

HOW IS THE TREATMENT METHOD DETERMINED?

There are many factors that affect the form of treatment. At the beginning of these; the patient’s age, general health status, type of cancer diagnosed, prevalence, and location. Treatment decisions are made as a result of seeing and evaluating the patient together by specialist doctors from many different branches (Multidisciplinary approach).
A separate diagnosis and treatment process is planned and implemented for each patient. Because even if people have the same type of cancer, the treatment of each patient should be evaluated according to their own circumstances.

Treatment takes place in the form of a combination of drugs given intravenously or orally. However, this practice varies according to the type and stage of cancer.

Treatment planning;
– to the cell type detected in the pathology of cancer
-the organ where the cancer started
– It varies according to the region where it spreads.

Adjuvant therapy; to reduce the risk of recurrence of the disease.Neoadjuvant therapy; to make the mass suitable for operation or to protect the organ. Palliative treatment is applied palliatively to prolong life and improve quality of life in advanced disease. These Treatments can be planned alone or in combination.

WHAT METHODS DOES MEDICAL ONCOLOGY PLAN TREATMENT?

CHEMOTHERAPY (DRUG THERAPY)

The aim of chemotherapy is to destroy cancer cells that grow uncontrollably. For this, it is aimed to kill the cancer cell by administering several drugs with different mechanisms of action to the patient.

HORMONE THERAPY

Hormonal drugs are used in the treatment of hormone-sensitive tumors such as prostate and breast cancer. 

By stimulating the body’s defense system, substances naturally produced by the immune system are used to recognize and kill cancer cells.

TARGETED BIOLOGICAL THERAPY

Biological therapies, which are determined by identifying targets carried by cancer cells but not found in normal cells, are applied in many types of cancer, especially in breast cancer, intestinal cancer, renal cell (kidney) cancers.

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